“The UK acknowledges the inherent vulnerabilities associated with the anonymity of VCs, and while the risk of ML/TF in this area is assessed as low, the UK acknowledges that there are intelligence gaps and VCs are being used in illicit activity (particularly in online marketplaces for the sale and purchase of illicit goods and services). As a result, the UK intends to regulate virtual currency exchange providers under its implementation of the EU’s fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive.”
The global watchdog awarded its highest rating to the UK for effectively managing the ML/TF standards, both inside and outside the crypto space. However, it also cautioned the country about how the financial institutions (FI) still need to work on their policies, controls, and procedures to minimize potential ML/TF risks in the booming crypto sector.
“However,” FATF asserted, “there is no requirement on FIs to assess the risks of new products and business products and delivery mechanisms, although this is covered in non-binding guidance.”
Global Crypto Regulations
The FATF report arrives ahead of the introduction of its global crypto regulatory framework, scheduled by June 2019. The initiative is likely to assist G20 nations to construct a uniform law for the crypto space, especially to govern crypto exchanges, initial coin offerings (ICO) and digital wallet services. It would also enable a frictionless coordination between financial regulators across the G20 nations.
“We will regulate crypto-assets for anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism in line with FATF standards and we will consider other responses as needed,” the nations pledged.
Overall, the FATF report proves that cryptocurrencies are still not very popular among financial offenders and terrorists, mirroring what has been found by Europol this year. The European law enforcement agency had found that terrorists didn’t use bitcoin or any other crypto asset to fund any of their attacks in Europe.
Featured image from Shutterstock.